DOCUMENT BASED QUESTION DIRECTIONS: Compose a thesis controlled essay answering the following question based on YOUR analysis of the documents provided below. Take into account both the sources of the documents and the point of view of the authors. DO NOT SIMPLY WRITE A SUMMARY OF EACH INDIVIDUAL DOCUMENT. THE QUESTION: What was the scope and the attitude of people toward the institution of slavery in the world from the beginning of civilization to the dawn of modern times?
Note to the wise: Look at the content of the documents, the place at which the document originated, and the time at which the document was written. Also consider who wrote the document and how that individual feels about the institution of slavery. Document 1 The Judgements of Hammurabi (1792-1750 B. C. E. ) Mesopotamia| If a man has contracted a debt, and has given his wife, his son, his daughter for silver and for labor, three years they shall serve in the house of their purchaser or bondsmaster, in the fourth year they shall regain their original condition. Document 2 St. Paul from his letter to the Ephesians in the Christian Bible (verses 5-9. First Century C. E. ) Paul is a Roman citizen writing to friends who live in Greece. | Slaves, obey your earthly masters with fear and trembling. Masters are urged to stop threatening slaves for you know that both you and the slave have the same Master in Heaven, and with him there is no partiality. | Document 3 The Sacred Law of Hindu dharma (dharma=law that governs the universe), The Laws of Manu. Written between the first century B. C. E. and the second century C. E. n India| A wife, a son, and a slave, these three are declared to have no property, the wealth which they earn is acquired for him to whom they belong. | Document 4 C. M. Wilbur. Author of the book “Slavery in China During the Han Dynasty” (206 B. C. E. — 220 C. E. )| Slaves were used in a wide range of occupations in farming, food and handicraft industries, commerce, and perhaps mining; as business managers, bodyguards, fighters, tomb watcher, servants, grooms, dancers, and acrobats. They represented luxury and displayed their master’s power and wealth.
Government slaves worked as servants, clerks, accountants, and minor officials. Others works as gamekeepers, ranch hands, and in heavy labor. | Document 5 Zhou Daguan, government messenger to Cambodia, sent by the Chinese Emperor Kublai Khan 1296| Savages are brought to do the work of servants. When they are young and strong, they cost a hundred pieces of cloth; when old and weak, they sell for thirty to forty pieces of cloth. Wealthy families may have more than a hundred slaves, even those people of modest means have ten to twenty slaves.
Only the very poor have none at all, and they themselves work as hard as a slave. | Document 6 Ibn Battuta, Muslim traveler, teacher and pilgrim. From a chapter in his book, written at the oasis of Takedda locates south of the Sahara Desert in north central Africa, 1353| These people from Takedda have no occupation but trade. They travel from their homes in central Africa to Egypt each year and there they buy for importing some of everything which is there for sale. The people of Takedda are comfortable and well off and are proud of the number of male and female slaves which they own. Document 7 Francesco di Marco Datini, Italian merchant from the city of Prato from a letter written to a business associate, about 1375| By the end of the 14th century there was hardly a well to do household in Tuscany (a province in northern Italy) without at least one slave…. In Italian law one had the power to have, hold, sell, exchange, enjoy, rent or unrent and to do in perpetuity (forever) whatsoever may please them with those who belong to them. | Document 8 Estimated Slave Imports by Destination, 1451–1870
Document 9 Bernal Diaz, a member of Cortes’ Spanish expedition to Mexico. Excerpt from his “Letters Home” written in 1519. | On reaching the marketplace in Mexico City we were astounded to see the great number of people and quantities of merchandise there for sale. Let us begin with the dealers in gold and silver, and those who had male and female slaves to sell. They brought as many of their own people for sale in the market as the Portuguese brought Negroes from Africa. | Document 10 Map of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade