Firstly, we must understand what is meant by ‘good’ well good is that which is morally right. With God it is said in the bible “oh give thanks to the lord, for he is good; for His loving-kindness is everlasting (Psalms), another way is the 10 commandments which shows God setting the standard of what is morally right and wrong. Another way of showing of how ‘God is good’ is by creation in genesis 1 and 2 which shows God either creating the world or how he is crafting everything, also in the bible of how God has preformed miracles and in todays society.
In the bible there are many passages, which say ‘God is good’ for example in James ‘every good thing bestowed and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation, or shifting shadow’ this is clearly saying that God is the source of goodness. Another example is the goodness of God is a character trait, which applies to every other attribute. God’s wrath is good. God’s holiness is good. God’s righteousness is good. God is good in His entirety. There is nothing about God that is not good (Romans), this is basically saying that the goodness of God is a life-transforming truth and that we should use the words of God in are attitudes and actions.
The Ten Commandments are the clear example of God setting the standards of what is morally right and wrong. We follow these laws that God has set because we believe that they show us are sins and if we follow these laws that we will be reward towards the light. These Commandments show us the righteous side of being a human being, and that we should follow them because God has set them however God was the one who gave us free will to do what we want but with this free will we must follow what is right in life for example ‘Thou shalt not kill’ this is quite obverses because we know that killing is wrong however some people do it because they. For the Jews “good” is essentially part of the character of God. It is not an abstract quality, nor a secular human ideal.
It is what God is when he creates and commands.
In the first creation narrative each days of creation is followed by the phrase “and God saw that it was good.” In Exodus 20 there are the Ten Commandments. These laws lay down the basis of the relationship between the people and God. The law itself might be said to show God’s goodness. Laws bring about a stable society – they show a God who cares for his people – they deal with religious and social issues and enable the people to distinguish between right and wrong.
In the Psalms, the praises of Israel, the goodness of God is celebrated in the gifts that he gives to his people The Lord is good to all, And his compassion is over all that he has made. All thy works shall give thanks to thee O Lord Psalm 145 verse 9 In the prayers of the people there is frequent reference to the goodness of God. Give thanks to the Lord for he is good; his love endures for ever.
In the Shema the daily prayer of a Jew one says – Hear O Israel; The Lord our God is one. Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength. God’s anger frequently seen in the Old Testament may be a sign of his righteous indignation that the people were not keeping his laws. Punishment in the Old Testament is usually because the people have forsaken the Covenant. One contrast with Aristotle’s concept of God is that the God of the Bible is approachable and is open to supplication by people. From time to time he shows anger, but through prayer and sacrifice his mind might be changed. A God who changes his mind, a God who forgives is a good God.
The people can rediscover the goodness of God. The goodness of God may be seen in the New Testament personality of Jesus. Some Christians would say that the perfect goodness of God may be seen in Jesus, who of course suffers on the cross. This raises the question “Can the goodness of God be seen in the sufferings of Jesus?”
It is difficult to believe in a God who is perfectly good. Reasons for thinking it is If God is perfectly good, does this mean that all the things God does are also good? The issue stems from the Euthyphro dilemma, which states that either God is good by definition or that God ascribes to a standard of goodness which is external to him. This causes problems when one considers some of the things it is said that God does. Are the things which God does good by definition?
This would include wars and plagues. It also assumes that much of what we call evil comes from God. It is evil which is at the heart of the criticism here. It is incompatible to have God who is said to be all powerful (omnipotent), all loving (omnibenevolent) and have a presence of evil in the world. The choice is to deny that God is all powerful or to say that there is no such thing as evil or to cast doubt on his omnibenevolence. Reasons for thinking it is not
Many religious people would find it difficult to love and worship a God who did not have their best interests at heart. A number of modern who does what he can when he can, than to have a God who is not supreme goodness. The philosopher Kant believed that everyone strives for the Summum Bonum, the supreme good which is only attainable after death. God, he thought was a postulate of practical morality. It therefore follows that in Kant’s eyes God is the embodiment of supreme good.