Savory Snacks And Chips In Romania Health Essay

Savory bites and french friess are appreciated merchandises on the modern market. One of their general features is the high degree of salt, a status normally consumers require in order to happen them tasty. But recent old ages brought to illume the necessity to take down salt ingestion, because of the turning figure of individuals with high blood force per unit area for whom salt is both a causal, and an exacerbating factor for different serious wellness jobs ( cardio-vascular, nephritic, etc ) . The inquiry is if in Romania there is a existent necessity for reformulation of this specific group of nutrient merchandises.

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This research had in mark to measure the salt concentration in savory bites and french friess produced in Romania and to measure their part to the day-to-day salt consumption of a Rumanian, in order to measure the demand for reformulation. Salt degree was rather diverse, with the highest degree reported in salty biscuits. However, the differences were of import, changing in map of sample and manufacturer. The mean consumption of savory bites and french friess in Romania was little, 3.58 g/person/day, giving 1 % of the day-to-day salt consumption.

In decision, even if the bites and french friess intake in Romania is still low, due to the potency of growing of the consume in this country an attempt in redeveloping and take downing the salt content would by recommended.

Cardinal Wordss: bites, salt consumption, french friess, reformulation

Introduction

Savory bites and french friess are among the merchandises with a turning tendency of gross revenues, even during the recent economic recession. Figures show that in the United States, for illustration, since 2007, entire gross revenues ( in all channels ) of salty bites increased more than 15 % . One ground for such strong gross revenues is that salty bites, like pretzels and french friess, offer greater value relative to many other bite options, such as cereal bars, nutrition bars, yoghurt and fresh fruit. [ 1 ]

This is every bit true in Romania, were fresh fruit or yogurt are highly expansive, even during summer, when usually monetary values should drop. Consequently, at every age group salty bites and french friess are low-cost options for noshing.

There are several separate sections in the large category of savory bites and some of them are traditionally consumed in our state. The sections, as classified by Mintel market research company [ 1 ] are: potato french friess ; tortilla french friess ; bite nuts and seeds ( including maize nuts ) ; popcorn ; pretzels ; extruded cheese bites ; maize bites ; and other. Tortilla french friess are about absent on our market, but the remainder can be found in a big assortment, the most consumed being “ pufuleti ” ( extruded maize bites ) , salty sticks and french friess.

Research carried out in other European and North American states showed that more than 9 out of 10 grownups study eating some type of salty bite on a regular footing ( at least two times per month ) . Potato french friess are the most popular salty bite, consumed by seven out of 10 respondents. [ 1 ] Respondents aged 18-24 have the highest usage rate among grownups, at 95 % . Use of most types of salty bites declines with age, dropping off about age 55, when childs are out of the house, and aging grownups begin to concentrate on pull offing their wellness.

In this frame, all the research workers of the planetary market

reveal turning demand for healthier bite offerings. [ 2 ] More than seven out 10 adult females — who are typically the primary food market shoppers for their households — say they are interested in fitter versions of salty bites, such as adust and whole-grain bites. Young grownups aged 18-24 are besides premier marks for better-for-you bites: 75 % of respondents aged 18-24 say they are interested in fitter versions of salty bites. [ 1 ] Consumers are going more cognizant of how much Na they are devouring. More than four in 10 respondents say their household ‘s diet is “ excessively high in Na, ” an index that bite shapers should concentrate on the Na content. Though consumers are interested in healthier bites, gustatory sensation remains a barrier for many. Half of respondents agree that “ lower fat and lower Na versions of salty bites do non savor every bit good as the original versions. ” [ 1 ] In response to consumers ‘ demand for healthier bite nutrients, the biggest tendencies in new salty bite merchandises include natural and organic, low- and no-sodium, whole-grain and baked/no-fat bites, every bit good as portion-control packaging.

On the other manus, reformulation of nutrient merchandises aimed to take down salt content was besides a corner key in the last`s old ages nutrient policies in Europe. The focal point of reformulation by the European Commission ( EC ) itself has been on salt. In 2008, DG Sanco compiled the available information on salt decrease activities in Europe ‘ This provided the footing of the EU Framework for National Salt Reduction Initiatives published in 2008. The model intended to back up and reenforce national programs, enable comparing of advancement, guarantee coordinated messages are communicated to the nutrient industry, and aid to bring forth impulse and mensurable action on salt throughout Europe. Among nutrients targeted in the above Framework, chip and savory bites were one of the of import classs, on a more comprehensive list of 12 nutrient classs.

In the present research, we tried to see if a necessity to redevelop bites on the Rumanian market can be argued, in order to do them healthier, at least from the point of position of the salt content. It is non worthless to retrieve that the World Health Organization has set the mark at 5 g/day for salt ingestion [ 3 ] and recent dietetic guidelines for the Americans set this bound at 6.6 g of salt per twenty-four hours ( under a tea spoon ) . [ 4 ] The present survey, portion of a larger probe aiming to measure salt ingestion in Romania, analyzed the salt content of savory, salty bites and french friess, their consumption and part to the day-to-day consumption of salt of a Rumanian citizen.

Material and methods

The survey was included in the National Program of Monitoring the Health Determinants from the Life and Work Environment ( the aim: protecting wellness and preventing diseases associated with nutritionary jeopardies ) , financed by founds from the Rumanian Ministry of Health. It had two degrees:

1. Evaluation, in 2010, of the salt content of savory bites and french friess produced in Romania and incorporate the values with old figures obtained by similar analysis carried out from 2008. An mean figure of five samples of “ pufuleti ” , salty crackers and french friess were gathered from every Rumanian county ( total=486 ) and were analyzed by the research labs of Local Public Health Authorities. Consequences were reported to the National Center for Environmental Hazards Monitoring from the Rumanian National Institute of Public Health.

2. Evaluation of the salt consumption of Rumanian citizens. The best method, taking in history the frame of the survey, was judged to be the “ nutrient diary ” rating. [ 5 ] Food journals were gathered from a representative sample of Rumanian grownups. Consumptions of different types of nutrient were calculated and their part to the entire salt consumption was evaluated, utilizing mean values of salt content obtained from the analysis of salt measurings in nutrient carried out the last 5 old ages in Romania.

Consequences

The rating of the salt content of the samples led to the undermentioned consequences: ( table 1 ) All the merchandises were under the maximum salt content bound, as indicated in the trade name ‘s criterion.

Table 1. Average salt content ( g/100g )

County

“ pufuleti ”

french friess

Salty biscuits

and sticks

Alba

Arad

Arges

1.1

2.4

1.3

Bacau

0.75

1.25

2

Bihor

1.85

2.85

2.2

Bistrita Nasaud

1

Botosani

Braila

1.11

1.23

Brasov

1.84

Bucharest

0.8

1.9

2

Buzau

0.96

1.9

2.13

Buzau

1.16

1.86

2.12

Calarasi

2.3

1.94

Caras Severin

0.94

2.4

1.8

Cluj

1.55

1.8

1.88

Constanta

0.66

1.66

1.86

Covasna

0.84

1.4

1.4

Dambovita

0.2

1.75

1.82

Dolj

0.8

1.9

2.13

Galati

0.8

1.4

1.5

Giurgiu

1.17

2.06

1.31

Gorj

0.9

1.74

2

Harghita

1.4

4.84

2

Hunedoara

1

Ialomita

0.8

1.3

1.3

Iasi

1.4

1.2

2.2

Ilfov

2

5

3

Maramaures

1.3

1.96

1.8

Mehedinti

2.3

Mures

1.27

2.17

1.63

Neamt

0.62

1.56

2.11

Olt

0.95

2.6

1.8

Prahova

0.4

1.3

1.9

Salaj

1.6

2.3

Satu Mare

2.1

2.34

1.52

Sibiu

1.13

1.3

1.1

Suceava

Teleorman

Timis

1.5

Tulcea

0.8

2.1

1.8

Valcea

2.4

2

2.7

Vaslui

0.9

1.64

1.93

entire

42.47

63.62

57.55

mean

1.2

2.1

1.8

Comparing with other ratings carried out in old old ages, it can be seen ( figure 1 ) that the figures are similar, with the noteworthy exclusion of french friess, who seem to be more salty. In the elaborate analysis of this facet, it was noticed that the rise of the salt was due to merely one trade name of french friess, who added unluckily more salt than earlier, impeding the attempts of other manufacturers in order to take down salt content of french friess.

Figure 1. Salt content during the last old ages ( mean g/100g )

The consumption of savory bites, evaluated after analysing the hebdomadal nutrient journals was little and lone seldom these sorts of merchandises were present in a Romanian ‘s diet. However, great differences were reported, chief factors of influence being gender and geographical country. The mean consumption, calculated after presenting in the database all the figures received from all Rumanian counties, is presented in figure 2. Merely 3.6 g/day of bites are consumed by an mean grownup individual, lending with 0.3 g of salt to the day-to-day salt consumption.

Figure 2. Bites intake and salt from bites intake, medium values ( g % )

In footings of hebdomadal consume, the norm was under one serving/week and individual, at a great distance from other European consumers, were the frequence of hebdomadal helpings is 4.8. [ 1 ] The little figures for Romania can be connected either with local traditions, which do n’t promote noshing, or, at least partly, with the skip from the nutrient journals of snacking, though before finishing them people have been instructed to compose down everything consumed in or out of place. To the day-to-day salt consumption of 11.25 g, salty bites contribute with merely 1 % .

The inquiry that can be raised after these consequences is if the low consume is non an statement against an eventual attempt paid by nutrient industry in order to take down the salt content of bites. However, in a theoretical exercising, if all the nutrient material of an mean twenty-four hours would be covered merely by savoury bites and french friess, it would ensue in a doubling of the existent salt consumption ( 2.26 times greater ) . So even if for the minute the apparently low popularity of salty bites is instead an statement against the reformulation, go uping European consumer ‘s tendencies and high salt content can be, at least in future, adequate statements for take downing salt in bites.

We have to take in consideration that salt decrease schemes are now being implemented in a figure of states, both in Europe and elsewhere and take on a figure of different signifiers with some schemes led by authorities ( e.g. UK, Ireland, France, Finland, Argentina, Brazil ) , some by industry ( Netherlands ) and others by NGOs ( e.g. Poland, Slovakia, Australia, New Zealand ) . Some schemes are focused on a peculiar nutrient ( e.g. staff of life in France, Iceland and New Zealand ) whilst others are merely about raising consumer consciousness ( e.g. Iran ) .The market for merchandises that can assist to cut down Na in nutrients reflects this state of affairs. The figure of patents around the universe filed for low Na nutrients increased from around 20 in 2000 to between 80 and 100 per twelvemonth in the last five old ages and the figure of patents for low salt in nutrient increased from approximately 10 in 1998 to between 300 and 400 in the six old ages up to and including 2007. New information about the effectivity of different nutrients or commercially available salt replacements in cut downing salt in nutrients, go throughing consumer gustatory sensation trials, R cut downing blood force per unit area is emerging every twenty-four hours. On this background, Romania has to take action and lower salt content in different nutrient merchandises, particularly in those with a traditional high salt content, like savory and salty bites. If non, the turning involvement in holding healthier bites and, finally, in replacing traditional snalcs, with fresh fruit, veggies or nuts and seeds will take to a dramatic lowering of ingestion, on a Romanian market already in recession and apparently non really “ greedy ” when it comes to wrinkle and nosh

Decisions:

– savory and salty bites are non popular in Romania, their consumption being lower than in other European and North American states

– the salt content is instead high, but due to the low consumption, snacks` part to the entire salt consumption in Romania is little

– attempts of reformulation have to be considered for the hereafter, the deficiency of exigency of such a demarche giving clip to Romanian nutrient specializers to set in topographic point feasible salt take downing techniques, without the danger of obtaining merchandises with lower organoleptic features.

Recognitions: This survey could n’t be carried out without the priceless aid and the great attempt of our co-workers form the local governments of Public Health.